December JPGN Articles
 
1 - Obesity, particularly in minority populations is associated with systemic inflammation. Which of the following biomarkers assessed in this study are considered markers of systemic inflammation?
A   - IL-6, TNF-alpha, and CRP
B   - HDL Cholesterol
C   - Fasting Blood Glucose
D   - A combination of the above
2 - A unique aspect of dealing with overweight/obese children regardless of their race/ethnic background is that their obesity status (based on zBMI) can change during an intervention as a result of which of the following factors?
A   - Weight Loss
B   - Increased Hunger Cues
C   - Decreased Metabolic Rate
D   - Increased Height
E   - Both A and D are correct
3 - Given the role of MCP-1, leptin, and ghrelin in the recruitment of monocytes from the blood to adipose tissue, which of the following in an expected consequence of this action?
A   - Adipose tissue hypertrophy
B   - Adipose tissue metabolic disruption
C   - Adipose tissue inflammation
D   - Adipose tissue hypoxia and death
4 - The present study provides evidence that specific, non-traditional metabolic risk factors are elevated in Mexican-American children who are obese. In this study what was the criterion measure used to classify subjects?
A   - Adipose tissue distribution
B   - zBMI
C   - Waist to hip ratio
D   - Resting blood pressure
5 - Which serum markers in this study was/were found to be different between normal, overweight and obese?
A   - C-peptide, Insulin
B   - Ghrelin, Glucagon
C   - Leptin
D   - MCP-1, TNF-a
6 - Which of the strategy listed below is less likely supported as a public health intervention for preventing iron deficiency anemia in infants?
A   - Routine iron supplementation
B   - Using poultry as a main source of dietary iron
C   - Food fortification
D   - Avoiding cow's milk in the diet of infants in first year of life
7 - Anemia and iron deficiency are more prevalent in:
A   - Boys than girls
B   - More educated mothers
C   - In children aged 1.5-3 y than in children aged 3-6 y
D   - In children consuming high red meat diet
8 - Which of the following is expected to increase the prevalence of iron deficiency in developed countries?
A   - A trend of reducing poultry consumption
B   - Reduced soy based protein consumption
C   - A trend of reducing red meat consumption
D   - Reducing iron supplementation in raising cattle for meat
9 - Which of the following statements is incorrect?
A   - Drinking tea may decrease the risk for iron deficiency anemia
B   - The absorption of non-heme iron is increased by ascorbic acid
C   - Dietary iron bioavailability is low in populations consuming plant-based diets
D   - The absorption of non-heme iron is inhibited by phytates