The most common comorbidity of patients undergoing PEG placement at the study site was:
A - Cardiac disease
B - Malignancy
C - Neurologic impairment
D - Prematurity
What was the most common major complication found to occur after PEG placement? (Of note, major complications were defined as adverse events which required hospitalization and/or escalation in care (i.e. transfer to critical care units), as well as surgical and/or interventional radiology (IR) procedures.)
A - Tube dislodgement
B - Cellulitis
C - Buried bumper syndrome
D - Intraoperative complication
The time period with the highest cumulative incidence of long-term major complications occurring after PEG placement was:
A - 1 year
B - 2 years
C - 5 years
D - 8 years
After PEG placement, the median length of time to elective tube removal was:
A - 1 year
B - 5 years
C - 10 years
D - 15 years
Which of the following best describes the distribution of fish intake in children with NAFLD?
A - Approximately one quarter of children with NAFLD consume the recommended amount of fish
B - Approximately one quarter of children with NAFLD never consume fish
C - Children with NAFLD consume fried fish more frequently than non-fried fish
D - Children with NAFLD consume less fish than children without NAFLD
Which of the following best describes the distribution of omega-3 fatty acid intake in children with NAFLD?
A - Long-chain omega-3 fatty acids (eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid) make up the majority of omega-3 fatty acids in the diet
B - The majority of children with NAFLD consume an omega-6 to omega-3 fatty acid ratio that is recommended for chronic disease prevention
C - Females consumed a more omega-3 fatty acid dense diet than males
D - The majority of children with NAFLD consume the recommended amount of long-chain omega-3 fatty acids
Which of the following best describes the relationship between fish and omega-3 fatty acid intakes, and histological features of pediatric NAFLD? Children with NAFLD who had greater fish and long-chain omega-3 fatty acid intakes tended to have:
A - less severe liver steatosis grades
B - less severe portal and lobular inflammation grades
C - less severe ballooning degeneration grades
D - less severe liver fibrosis grades
Based on the findings from this study, which of the following is the most appropriate recommendation for children with NAFLD?
A - Limit fried fish consumption to no more than one serving per week.
B - Consume at least eight ounces of fish per eating occasion.
C - Take omega-3 fatty acid supplement daily providing at least 200 mg of long-chain omega-3 fatty acids.
D - Consume at least two servings of fish per week.