November JPGN
 
1 - The most common comorbidity of patients undergoing PEG placement at the study site was:
A   - Cardiac disease
B   - Malignancy
C   - Neurologic impairment
D   - Prematurity
2 - What was the most common major complication found to occur after PEG placement? (Of note, major complications were defined as adverse events which required hospitalization and/or escalation in care (i.e. transfer to critical care units), as well as surgical and/or interventional radiology (IR) procedures.)
A   - Tube dislodgement
B   - Cellulitis
C   - Buried bumper syndrome
D   - Intraoperative complication
3 - The time period with the highest cumulative incidence of long-term major complications occurring after PEG placement was:
A   - 1 year
B   - 2 years
C   - 5 years
D   - 8 years
4 - After PEG placement, the median length of time to elective tube removal was:
A   - 1 year
B   - 5 years
C   - 10 years
D   - 15 years
5 - Which of the following best describes the distribution of fish intake in children with NAFLD?
A   - Approximately one quarter of children with NAFLD consume the recommended amount of fish
B   - Approximately one quarter of children with NAFLD never consume fish
C   - Children with NAFLD consume fried fish more frequently than non-fried fish
D   - Children with NAFLD consume less fish than children without NAFLD
6 - Which of the following best describes the distribution of omega-3 fatty acid intake in children with NAFLD?
A   - Long-chain omega-3 fatty acids (eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid) make up the majority of omega-3 fatty acids in the diet
B   - The majority of children with NAFLD consume an omega-6 to omega-3 fatty acid ratio that is recommended for chronic disease prevention
C   - Females consumed a more omega-3 fatty acid dense diet than males
D   - The majority of children with NAFLD consume the recommended amount of long-chain omega-3 fatty acids
7 - Which of the following best describes the relationship between fish and omega-3 fatty acid intakes, and histological features of pediatric NAFLD? Children with NAFLD who had greater fish and long-chain omega-3 fatty acid intakes tended to have:
A   - less severe liver steatosis grades
B   - less severe portal and lobular inflammation grades
C   - less severe ballooning degeneration grades
D   - less severe liver fibrosis grades
8 - Based on the findings from this study, which of the following is the most appropriate recommendation for children with NAFLD?
A   - Limit fried fish consumption to no more than one serving per week.
B   - Consume at least eight ounces of fish per eating occasion.
C   - Take omega-3 fatty acid supplement daily providing at least 200 mg of long-chain omega-3 fatty acids.
D   - Consume at least two servings of fish per week.