August 2013 JPGN
Among non-invasive procedures for the detection of H. pylori, which of the following is considered the most sensitive and specific?
A - Fecal Antigen Test for polyclonal antibodies
B - Urea Breath Test (UBT)
C - Serum Serology (IgM, IgG)
D - Salivary Assay (IgG)
Virulence factors for H. pylori include all of the following, EXCEPT:
A - cagA
B - Urease
C - Shiga-Like Exotoxin
D - vacA
True or False? H. pylori has been classified as a human carcinogen
A - True
Based on the information presented in the article, the Entero-test may be used in all the following situations EXCEPT
A - Culture and isolation of H. pylori
B - Non-invasive test to detect the presence of H. pylori in asymptomatic children
C - Confirming eradication of H. pylori after treatment
D - Genotyping H. pylori strains via PCR from string extracts
Which food/ingredient is most likely avoided by children with chronic abdominal pain?
A - Lactose
B - Fast food
C - FODMAPs
D - There is no one particular food
Which of the following mechanisms is the least likely to cause FAP exacerbations with diet?
A - Immunological reactions (food allergies, celiac disease)
B - Gastro-colic reflex to food
C - Eating behaviors
D - Carbohydrate intolerances
Which dietary strategy has empirical support from Randomized Controlled Trials (RCT) to reduce FAP symptoms in children or adolescents?
A - Reduce fat
B - Use of probiotics
C - Reduce gluten
D - Reduce fructose
Which of the following statements is true?
A - Increased fiber intake reduces FAP.
B - Increased fiber intake reduces abdominal pain associated with constipation
C - Insoluble fiber may be more effective than soluble fiber for treating IBS.
D - Children with FAP eat less fiber than the daily-recommended amount.