NASPGHAN-Improving Understanding in the Diagnosis and Management of Carbohydrate-Induced Diarrhea
What is the typical age of onset for a patient diagnosed with glucose-galactose malabsorption?
A - 1-7 days
B - 3-6 months
C - 1-2 years
D - 3-15 years
All of the following may induce diarrhea in a patient with congenital sucrase-isomaltase deficiency EXCEPT:
A - Potatoes
B - Oranges
C - Table sugar
D - Bread
E - Sucralose
When conducting a hydrogen breath test in a child with possible fructose malabsorption, the suggested oral load of fructose is:
A - 0.5 g/kg fructose (maximum 15 g)
B - 1.0 g/kg fructose (maximum 25 g)
C - 2.0 g/kg fructose (maximum 50 g)
D - 3.0 g/kg fructose (maximum 75 g)
A 12-year-old patient complains of abdominal pain, diarrhea, and bloating when he drinks soft drinks and eats most fruits. Which diagnostic evaluations should be performed to confirm this diagnosis?
A - Breath testing and small intestinal mucosal biopsy
B - Dietary exclusion and breath testing
C - Dietary exclusion and stool testing
D - Small intestinal mucosal biopsy and stool testing
What is the appropriate dose of calcium supplementation for a 7-year-old patient with confirmed lactase deficiency?
A - 400 mg daily
B - 700 mg daily
C - 1000 mg daily
D - 1300 mg daily
In a 2-year-old patient with functional diarrhea, which of the following changes should be made to the diet?
A - No dietary restrictions are necessary
B - Adherence to a low carbohydrate diet
C - Avoidance of starches
D - Restriction of juices
An advantage of sacrosidase over lyophilized baker’s yeast is that it:
A - Is available over the counter
B - Has no associated adverse effects
C - Is more palatable
D - Is a cheaper option
Which of the following is NOT a typical symptom of carbohydrate malabsorption disorders?
A - Diarrhea
B - Bloody stool
C - Abdominal pain
D - Flatulence
When implementing a gluten-free diet in a patient with celiac disease, which of the following foods should the patient avoid?
A - Barley
B - Cornmeal
C - Rice
D - Beans
How long should a newborn diagnosed with glucose-galactose malabsorption be kept on a carbohydrate-free formula?
A - 3 months
B - 6 months
C - 9 months
D - 12 months